@ARTICLE{Safaei,
author = {Saraj, M. and Safaei, N. and },
title = {Integrating Goal Programming, Taylor Series, Kuhn-Tucker Conditions, and Penalty Function Approaches to Solve Linear Fractional Bi-level Programming Problems},
volume = {10},
number = {1},
abstract ={In this paper, we integrate goal programming (GP), Taylor Series, Kuhn-Tucker conditions and Penalty Function approaches to solve linear fractional bi-level programming (LFBLP)problems. As we know, the Taylor Series is having the property of transforming fractional functions to a polynomial. In the present article by Taylor Series we obtain polynomial objective functions which are equivalent to fractional objective functions. Then on using the Kuhn-Tucker optimality condition of the lower level problem, we transform the linear bilevel programming problem into a corresponding single level programming. The complementary and slackness condition of the lower level problem is appended to the upper level objective with a penalty, that can be reduce to a single objective function. In the other words, suitable transformations can be applied to formulate FBLP problems. Finally a numerical example is given to illustrate the complexity of the procedure to the solution. },
URL = {http://ijmsi.ir/article-1-281-en.html},
eprint = {http://ijmsi.ir/article-1-281-en.pdf},
journal = {Iranian Journal of Mathematical Sciences and Informatics},
doi = {10.7508/ijmsi.2015.01.001},
year = {2015}
}