Let $G$ be a simple graph with vertex set ${v_1,v_2,ldots,v_n}$. The common neighborhood graph (congraph) of $G$, denoted by $con(G)$, is the graph with vertex set ${v_1,v_2,ldots,v_n}$, in which two vertices are adjacent if and only they have at least one common neighbor in the graph $G$. The basic properties of $con(G)$ and of its energy are established.